HERE YOU ARE THE THREE LAWS OF ROBOTICS
ISAAC ASIMOV'S VOICE LIVE
ECCOVI LE TRE LEGGI DELLA ROBOTICA ENUNCIATE
DAL GRANDE ISAAC ASIMOV IN PERSONA:
1. A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
2. A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.From Handbook of Robotics, 56th Edition, 2058 A.D., as quoted in I, Robot.
In Robots and Empire (ch. 63), Asimov added the "Zeroth Law" so the other Three Laws were modified according to it.
0. A robot may not injure humanity or, through inaction, allow humanity to come to harm.
Unlike the Three Laws, however, the Zeroth Law is not a fundamental part of positronic robotic engineering, is not part of all positronic robots, and, in fact, requires a very sophisticated robot to even accept it.
Isaac Asimov, the legendary American science fiction writer, embraced technological innovation and dominated the field of robotics in literature. Many authors have imitated or directly acknowledged his Three Laws of Robotics, which were designed to effectively control a robot’s behaviour.
ORIGINE DELLA PAROLA "ROBOT"
The word "robot" (from robota, Czech for "work") made its public debut on this date in 1921, when it premiered on stage in Karel Capek's play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots). The play told of a world in which humans relaxed and enjoyed life while robots - imitation humans - happily did whatever labor needed to be done. Not unexpectedly, the robots eventually rebelled and took over the world. The term "robot" achieved its own world domination in 1923, when the play was translated into English; it quickly overran its competition, precursors "android" and "automaton."
Apparently from Czech robotnik (worker) or robota (work). The term 'robot' was first used by Czech writer Karel Capek in a 1921 play called "Rossum's Universal Robots", and caught on internationally.